Tuesday, August 21, 2012

உயர்வற உயர்நலம் - A Summary

The Thiruvaimozhi of Sri Nammazhwar, also called as Dravida Veda, comprising 1102 pasurams, is divided into 10 centums and 100 decads. Each decad is referred to as one Thiruvaimozhi and ends with a phalashruti  pasuram where Aazhwar mentions the fruit of reciting or hearing that decad. 

Our poorvacharyas have pointed out that each Thiruvaimozhi speaks about a kalyana guna of sriman Narayana which implies that 100 kalyana gunas have been mentioned in total. They have also shown that each centum can be attributed towards one kalyana guna. 

The first Thiruvaimozhi Uyarvara(உயர்வற உயர்நலம்) speaks about the paratvam or greatness of Emperuman . Sri Nampillai in his eedu shows that the first decad is treated as the summary of the whole of Thiruvaimozhi and of the first decad the first three pasurams. Again, the first pasuram is the essence of the three and of the first pasuram the first line. He gives the example of the Pranavam which is the essence of the Thirumantram which inturn is the sangraham of all the Vedas. And again the first syllable A(அ) is the essence of the Pranavam. 

Now we shall see in brief, the subject matter of each pasuram -

1 ) The divine kalyana gunas, nityavibhuti and the divya thirumeni of Emperuman. 
2) The divine form or swaroopam of paramatma which is totally different from that of Chit and Achit.
3) Emperuman owns this samsaram as his leelavibhuti just like Nityavibhuti. 
4) The form or swaroopam of this leelavibhuti is at his will.
5) The sthiti or the state of being of the leelavibhuti is also controlled by him.
6) The pravritti or effort and nivritti or non-effort of the samsaris is under his control. 
7) The chit and achit are the body of paramatma and so there is the body-soul relationship between the paramatma and the other two.
8) Refutation of the Kudristis who say rudra and brahma as the supreme entity.
9) Refutation of the Sunyavadis who say that everything is sunyam or absence.
10) Emperuman's capacity to manifest inside everything with utmost comfort. 
11) The phalashruti - reciters of this decad attain same fruit as Nammazhwar ie. Moksham. 

Summary : As Sri Mamunigal puts it in his Thiruvaimozhi Nootrandadi (திருவாய்மொழி நூற்றந்தாதி), Nammazhwar experiences the utmost great [niratishaya] form, kalyana gunas and the vibhutis of Emperuman and speaks about them in the first decad as described in the Vedas. He does so in order to make the samsaris devoid of their agyanam and to attain moksham. 

உயர்வே பரன்படியை உள்ளதெல்லாம் தான்கண்டு
உயர்வேத நேர்கொண்டு உரைத்து - மயர்வு ஏதும்
வாராமல் மானிடரை வாழ்விக்கும் மாறன் சொல்
வேராக வேவிளையும் வீடு. (1)

Kolahalan S, Thirukovalur
Manivannan S, Thirukovalur